A guide to some of the words used in this section.

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) – AIDS is a disease in which the body’s immune system breaks down and is unable to fight off certain infections.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) – HIV is the virus that causes AIDS.

Cervix – The neck of the womb situated inside at the top of the vagina.

Vagina – The tube leading from the outside of the woman’s body to the womb, where the penis goes during sexual intercourse.

Vulva – The area around the vagina.

Swab – Examining material from a discharge or an infected area.

Urethra – The tube from the bladder to the outside through which urine flows.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) – An infection which can spread through the vagina and womb into pelvis. It can cause inflammation and pain and can lead to problems with future fertility.